Common Terms with meanings...
Hijra | Gays | Bisexuals | Eunuchs |Transgender | Lesbians | MSM | Transvestite | LGBT | Male Condom | Female Condom |Transsexuals | Cross-Dresser | Queer | Kothi | Panthi | Straight |Homosexual | HIV | AIDS |STI | CSW | FSW | MSW | SexualityMinorities | Sexuality Identity| Sexual Health | Red Ribbon |Counselling | Support Group | Safer SEX |
(eunuchs) of India who are part of a large cultural community.
Gays:Men who are attracted to other men and prefer men as partners.
Bisexuals:People attracted to both men and women preferring partners of either.
Eunuchs:Castrated males. Often used derogatarily.
Transgender:Literally, people who have ‘crossed gender’ e.g., Transvestites,
Transsexuals, Hijras, Cross-Dressers, etc.
Lesbians:Women attracted to other women and prefer women as partners.
MSM:Males who have Sex with Males. A category initiated to look at a large
section of men who, while they have sexual contacts with other men, do not wish
to identify as homosexual, gay or any identity. Indeed, some may identify as
Transvestite:A person who prefers wearing clothes of the other gender (men who wear what
are traditionally represented as women's clothes and vice versa).
LGBT:Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender people.
Male Condom:Latex based protection worn on the erect penis to avoid transmitting or
receiving sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy.
Female Condom:Polyurethane based condom worn inside the vagina to avoid pregnancy and / or
transmitting and receiving sexually transmitted infections.
Transsexuals:A person who has undergone surgical operation (sex reassignment surgery) to
change gender.BACK TO TOP
Cross-dresser:A person who gains pleasure (sexual or otherwise) in dressing up in the
clothes of the other gender.
Queer:A political identity adopted by many LGBT people to counter the original
negative connotation of the word 'queer'.
Kothi:An identity accepted by many MSM in India, usually denoting an effeminate
man who is penetrated in the sexual act. Another popular definition is that of
Panthi:A label given by ‘Kothis’ to their lovers, usually indicating a man who
penetrates in the sexual act. Also looked on as ‘straight’ men (heterosexual
Straight:A heterosexual person. A person attracted only to the other gender.
BACK TO TOPHomosexuals:A term for people attracted to their own sex. Covers both genders. First
coined in late 19th Century.
HIV:Human Immuno Deficiency Virus, the virus which attacks the body's immune
system. The immune system is the defence mechanism by which our body fights off
infections and diseases. HIV slowly damages this defense system, leaving the
body incapable of defending itself against common diseases. It may take several
years for this stage to be reached. So people who are infected with HIV may look
healthy and not even know that they are infected, but they can still pass on the
virus to others. Having HIV does not mean that you have AIDS or that you will
become seriously ill immediately.
AIDS:Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is caused by HIV. AIDS is not a
single disease, it is a collection of diseases. Doctors have a list of 'AIDS
defining conditions' which include illnesses which are quite harmless to a
person with a healthy immune system. To a person whose immune system has been
badly damaged, these diseases can cause severe illness or even death. BACK TO TOP
STI:Sexually Transmitted Infections, also STD (Sexually Transmitted Diseases).
To denote infections that are transmitted through sexual contact. Genital
Herpes, Genital Warts, Gonorrhea, Syphilis, and others are some examples of STIs.
HIV is also spread through sexual contact and is therefore an STI.
CSW:Commercial Sex Worker. A person who sells sex for money.
FSW:Female Sex Worker. A woman who sells sex for money.
MSW:Male Sex Worker. A man who sells sex for money.
Sexuality Minorities:A term commonly used to refer to LGBT people.
Sexuality Identity:The identity adopted by a person to signify their sexual orientation, such
as Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual etc.
Sexual Health:The overall sexual well-being of a person. BACK TO TOP
Red Ribbon:The AIDS Awareness Ribbon, or Red Ribbon, is commonly seen adorning jacket
lapels and other articles of clothing as a symbol of solidarity and a commitment
to the fight against AIDS.
Counselling:A supportive process where a counselor helps create awareness about a problem
issue (for e.g., HIV status, homosexual identity, STIs, marriage issues, and so
on) and change attitudes and behaviours of the counselee in reacting to these
issues (for e.g., helping cope with HIV status, become comfortable with the
homosexual identity, seek treatment for STIs, seek marriage counseling, etc.).
Support Group:A term used here to refer to LGBT groups that provide support to LGBT
people. The groups, like Good As You, are places for LGBT people to become
comfortable with their identities and interact with others.
Safer Sex:Sexual practices that help avoid exchange of bodily fluids is commonly
referred to as Safer Sex. Safer Sex is adopted for two reasons: One, to avoid
pregnancies and two, to avoid sexually transmitted infections. Safer Sex to
avoid pregnancy can be adopted using various methods like using male or female
condoms, contraceptive pills used by the women and more. To avoid sexually
transmitted infections, condoms should be used. Other safer sex practices
include non-penetrative sexual activities like mutual masturbation, hugging,
kissing, and others. Of course the safest is abstinence (not having sex).BACK TO TOP
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